Nasir Ahmad Ramyar is 27 years old and holds a, bachelors in Law and Politics. He has studied National, International and Islamic, Ex: Shareya Law, International Human rights and the constitution of Afghanistan.
There seems to be a local and International common understanding that women don’t’ play role in Afghanistan however this is not true. Afghan women have many different roles they are teachers at schools (especially girls schools where there are all women) work at universities and within learning centres. Women have jobs within national and International organization, they work in banks and are active in politics with some being members of the afghan government. The number of women within the Army and police is also slowing growing, although socially it is not very common for women to join the army or police, because they are institutions known for being unhealthy and corrupt for women.
There has been more positive change for women in cities, than in rural villages. Positive changes for women have been the opportunity to go to school, universities, attend learning centre, being able to work in different offices and organization and travel abroad. Some of these changes are sustainable but there are some areas which have only changed a little and are not sustainable such as women’s right to travel alone or with friends and co-workers.
There are also extremist members of society who are getting more and more into our government organizations, and this I believe is a serious threat to women’s rights and to general life in Afghanistan. An example of this would be in 2012 when a group of extremist had President Karzai sign a rule that women are not allowed to travel, unless there is a member of her family with her. I also personally know some women and men that do not believe in human rights, however having worked with an organization that’s been founded by an international organization, This is very wrong to hire people to fight for Democracy and human rights that do not believe in those human values.
There are all kinds of threats for afghan women. Main threats would be cultural briar, such as making choices on marriage for themselves, working in organizations, even going to schools in the villages. I am not sure what all the reported cases are for educated urban women but I know that extremists have been a threat for women over the past years.
For urban women a big threat is being poor, having no job and no means of paying for food, education and housing. The lack of education in rural areas is also a threat to women; little has been done in rural villages in terms of women’s education, and schools in general. Most of the schools do not proper building and good teachers, even though the teacher training centre graduated thousands of students to teach in these schools. However the process to get them located into these schools has been difficult and there has been an element of corruption. A situation has been created which see young man/woman chose to have a better paid jobs and stay close to their family, and not go through the problem of having to pay a bribe to get accepted to a village school and then be paid a low wage to teach.
To ensure equality religious extremist attitudes should be changed, but the question is how can these be change? I believe education will play a role in changing these attitudes, people need to have an education so they can see who the threats in their society are, for example: They will know that extremist have been a treat for them and will be in the future so they know not to vote for them if they are a candidate in government elections or select them as their leader in their government position or any organization that they are in control off.
The best way to ensure a positive future for all women in Afghanistan is too provide them with a good education and provide them with the opportunity to work and be challenged to think for themselves, which will then allow them to develop and plan for a good future, it is only women who can develop themselves for a good future no one else, although men like me 🙂 should and can and will play a supportive role for them to allow them achieve their goals and live a life they want to live.